The TCA peel ( Trichloroacetic Acid ) is a medium peel, and is a very popular treatment for skin of all colors and imperfections. TCA peels can vary in strength from 10% to 50% depending on the skin tone, imperfections, wrinkles, etc., that are in need of improving. TCA peels at higher concentrations produce deeper peeling, as does the number of applications of TCA solution applied to a given area. TCA peels can improve wrinkles of the skin by improving the collagen and elastin fibers of the skin, strengthening and repairing them. TCA can also improve the appearance of acne scars, fine lines around the eyes and mouth, discoloration associated with the sun, aging.
TCA peels will result in the skin having a red appearance for about 7-10 days and require absolute sun protection during this time.
Patients undergoing TCA peeling may be asked to “pre-treat” the areas to be peeled prior to their TCA peel in order to maximize the peel effects, such pre-treatments may include the use of a fading cream, a retinoid type product,or a combination. TCA peeling may cause an individual to develop a cold sore if they are prone to getting them, and require the use of oral antibiotics prior to or on the day of as well as the days after the peel. If a cold sore should develop, there is potential for discoloration, irritation, infection and scar formation that may result in months of discoloration.